Friday, 20 December 2013

A Christmas farewell







DISTRICT NEWS. (1915, December 31). Maryborough & Dunolly Advertiser (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 4. Retrieved December 19, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93799334





George Wilkins (1857 - 1944) was the school teacher at Homebush and married to Charlotte Young (1861 - 1925), my husband's great grand aunt. After Charlotte's death, George married Laura Squires (1878 - 1970).

George Templeton was 22 1/2 years old when he enlisted in August 1915. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=8098926 ) He died in Belgium of wounds received in action at Polygon Wood in September 1917.

Roll of Honour circular from http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/roll_of_honour/person/R1671953/




Wes Rowlands died in July 1916 at Pozieres in France. He was 23 when he enlisted in August 1915. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=11583468 )

Roll of Honour circular from  http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/roll_of_honour/person/R1666033/ .



There are 19 men called Frederick James who enlisted in World War 1 and I have not identified which of these was the visitor at Homebush.

George Templeton and Wes Rowlands are remembered in the Avenue of Honour in the grounds of the former Lower Homebush State School.













Tuesday, 17 December 2013

A Christmas Gift

Last month I was lucky enough to go to the Melbourne Ring Cycle. In preparing for the event my father uncovered in his library a book of the first two operas.



The book was presented to my great great grandmother Ellen Cavenagh-Mainwaring (nee Mainwaring 1845 - 1920) by her future son-in-law William Edward Blackwood Magee (1886 - 1981). William Magee married Alice Cavenagh-Mainwaring (1879 - 1952) on 14 August 1913 at St Simons, Southsea.

Family Notices. (1913, September 25). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 5. Retrieved December 17, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59108350



William Edward Blackwood Magee born in Simla in 1886, joined the Royal Navy age 15.

A few months after Christmas 1910, in the 1911 census (2 April 1911) he was aged 25, a Lieutenant (military) on board His Majesty's vessel T.B. 025 - he was first on the list of 8 men - there were also on board a gunner (military), petty officer 1st class, leading seaman, able seaman and three stokers 1st class.  This was a Torpedo Boat 1st class and a tender to HMS Vernon.

Wikipedia tells me http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Vernon_%28shore_establishment%29 that HMS Vernon was a shore establishment or 'stone frigate' of the Royal Navy at Portsmouth, two and a half miles from Southsea where the Cavenagh-Mainwaring family lived. Vernon was established in 1876 as the Royal Navy's Torpedo Branch and operated until 1 April 1996. I like the term "stone frigate".

I don't know if TB 25 was this boat http://www.dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/125_Footer_Class_Torpedo_Boat_%281885%29#T.B._25 "The ship featured a fixed torpedo tube in a "bull-nose" bow equipped with a ram. This shape was glaringly unsuccessful and she had to be altered to a straight bow which caused her to lose her tube".  Perhaps having lost her tube that is why she was a tender.

The book had only just been published but there seems to have been no production of The Ring that December in London based on reviews in The TimesMere speculation of course but perhaps Mrs Cavenagh-Mainwaring went to this concert:


"Music." Times [London, England] 12 Dec. 1910: 12. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.

William and Alice Magee had two children, Richard and Jean - Jean appears to have never married and died in 1996. I do not know anything about Richard.

William Magee died in 1981 in Hampshire. Alice died in 1952.





Monday, 16 December 2013

No 3 AGH (Australian General Hospital) Lemnos Christmas Day




The group includes Colonel de Crespigny, Colonel Green (Sydney), Colonel Stawell, Major Kenneth Smith, Major Sherwin (Melbourne), Major Trethowar (Western Australia), Matron Wilson (Queensland), Major Lockhart Gibson (Sydney), Major Morton (Sydney), and Captain Graham (Sydney).
Photos by A.W. Savage. From The Sydney Mail, 29 March 1916. 

Constantine Trent Champion de Crespigny was my great grandfather.  He enlisted in 1915 at the same time as another of my great grandfathers, Arthur Murray Cudmore, and my great uncle Wentworth Cavenagh-Mainwaring. My post about Arthur Murray Cudmore at http://ayfamilyhistory.blogspot.com.au/2013/04/arthur-murray-cudmore-world-war-i_28.html covered their enlistment and voyage from Australia.

Daily experiences of the 3rd AGH were reported in the Nepean Times through correspondence from Corporal Gates.



...
From Corporal Gates. (1916, January 8). Nepean Times(Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), p. 7. Retrieved December 16, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86148792




On 4 November, Colonel Fiaschi, who was seriously ill, was evacuated to London and Lieutenant Colonel Constantine De Crespigny took over as Commanding Officer until the 3rd AGH left Lemnos for Egypt in January 1916. When the 1040 bed hospital closed in Egypt in January 1916, it had treated 7400 patients of whom only 143 had died. (From http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/nurses/third-agh.html)

Among those staff hospitalised on 6 November was Arthur Murray Cudmore.

The following  photographs of the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Lemnos in 1915 are captioned with original comments by Lieutenent Colonel Sir Trent Champion De Crespigny and  published by the SA Health Services Historical Research Group. From http://www.raamc.org.au/web/sahist/index.php?Lemnos the South Australian RAAMC History Committee






3 A.G.H. was landed on Turk’s Head, West Mudros on 5 August 1915 …
… on a bare and roadless hillside—without tents or equipment, without water-supply other than the tank ships and with only one water-cart each, with no sanitary provision whatever and with little transport other than hand carriage—to prepare for the vast operations timed for the 6th.
Butler’s official medical history, Vol I, p286 quoted by http://throughtheselines.com.au/research/3-AGH








A SOUVENIR OF KITCHENER.
This photograph has a special interest for South Australia, inasmuch as it shows the late War Lord in conversation with Colonel de Crespigny, of Adelaide, on Lemnos Island, not long before the evacuation of Gallipoli.
A SOUVENIR OF KITCHENER. (1916, July 22). Chronicle(Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), p. 30. Retrieved December 16, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87307704



WATTLE DAY LEAGUE WAR EXTENSION WORK. (1915, November 18). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 6. Retrieved December 16, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59989826


FOR THE EMPIRE. (1916, February 5). Riponshire Advocate(Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 16, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119571019

























Monday, 9 December 2013

Trove Tuesday: Kathleen Cavenagh dressed for a children's ball in 1887



This is Kathleen Cavenagh, my great grandmother (1874-1951), in her costume for a children's ball in 1887. She was dressed as "My Little Sweetheart". 

Seven hundred children attended the mayoral ball at the Adelaide Town Hall on Friday 23 September 1887.  (JUVENILE FANCY DRESS BALL. (1887, September 24). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 6. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46797788)


The South Australian Register described the hall, decorations and many of the costumes in great detail. The article mentions a collection of photographs and the photograph above is one of these.

 


"My Little Sweetheart" was a song that had been recently published, written by Walter Layton.  The out of print sheet music can be bought (http://www.sheetmusicwarehouse.co.uk/details.php?ref=78810)

Kathleen was the sixth of ten children of Wentworth Cavenagh (later surnamed Cavenagh-Mainwaring 1822 - 1895) and his wife Ellen Jane Mainwaring (1845 - 1920). 

Several of her sisters attended as did her future husband Arthur Murray Cudmore and two of his sisters. Children who attended and furnished their cards were listed in the newspaper. For those with surnames beginning with C:


The photographers Wivell &Co. took pictures of children attending the ball and an album of these pictures is in the collection of the State Library of South Australia. The photograph above is at http://images.slsa.sa.gov.au/mpcimg/07750/B7723_70.htm "Kate Cavenagh : age 13 dressed as "My Little Sweetheart"


My grandmother, herself called Kathleen, said her mother was never called Kate. So perhaps she was known by that variation as a child or it was the photographer giving her that diminutive which is in the caption of the photograph.


Eva Cavenagh (1867 - 1941) (title of costume not documented) photograph B7723-68



Gertrude Cavenagh (1882 - 1968) "age 5 dressed as a page" photograph B7723-69



Helen Cavenagh (1877 - 1918) "Nellie Cavenagh : age 10 dressed as 'Patchwork'" photograph B7723-71



Alice Cavenagh (1879 - 1952) "Queenie Cavenagh : age 8 dressed as 'Wee Wifie'" photograph B7723-72



Arthur Cudmore (1870 - 1951) photograph B7723-92. His costume is not described and he is not listed in the newspaper. He is in front of the same background as his future wife.



Arthur's sister Dorothea Cudmore (1876 - 1925) "Dora Cudmore : age 11 dressed as 'Nancy Lee'" photograph B7723-93



Violet Cudmore (1872 - 1947) "Violet Cudmore : age 15 dressed as 'Esmeranda'" photograph B7723-94



Thursday, 14 November 2013

Victorian Archives Centre

Yesterday (13 November 2013)  I attended the Victorian Archives Centre Stakeholder meeting on behalf of the Australasian Association of Genealogists and Record Agents (AAGRA).

Some exciting developments were shared with us.
By the end of this month a new probate index will be launched covering 1841-2007.

An agreement has been signed with FamilySearch to digitise wills and probate records from 1926 - 1937 extending the digitisation of those records which is currently up to 1925.

An agreement with another company is close to being finalised to digitise all the current microform holdings that have been produced by the Public Record Office. And further discussions with others are being held around additional digitisation projects.  Accessibility of frequently used items of the collection looks to be taking a great leap forward!

There was a presentation on online transformation and redevelopment of the website of the Public Record Office (PROV). Building and delivery of the website will occur up until 2015.  The current disparate components of the website:
  • Access the collection
  • PROV online indexes
  • PROV wiki
will be integrated. Website standards, including accessibilty standards, will be incorporated.

A beta site may be available this time next year.  It will run in parallel with the existing website while any issues are sorted out.

There was some discussion about availability of the collection via Trove.  At the moment metadata is shared with researchdata.ands.org.au . Have a look at http://researchdata.ands.org.au/search/#!/class=collection/p=1/group=Public%20Record%20Office%20Victoria/ to get new insights into the PROV's collection.

The discussion also covered
  • regional archives centres including the new reading room for the Bendigo Archives Centre
  • the Local History Grants program and the Victorian Community History Awards
  • the new exhibition over summer will be Streets of Melbourne opening on 25 November
  • following on from the success of the first open day, another is being panned for March 2014
At the round table at the end of the meeting updates from other stakeholders included
On 1 February moved this post across from my other blogging site (A Family Historian from Ballarat) as I have decided to have only one blog.

Monday, 11 November 2013

Remembrance Day

The grave of Trooper Philip Champion de Crespigny of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade of Bendigo VIC, who was killed in action on 14 July 1918. This is the original grave which has been incorporated into Jerusalem War Cemetery. Photographed by Oswald Hillam (Ossie) Coulson Australian War Memorial photograph B03314
We seldom pause to remember the men and women, including our relatives, who died in the First and Second World Wars.

This short list includes only our closest relatives.


World War 1
  • Milo Massey Cudmore 1888 - 1916 
    • died 27 March 1916 at St Eloi, France and remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial
  • Vyvyan Westbury Hughes 1888 - 1916 
    • died of illness on  28 April 1916 in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • John Percy Young 1896 - 1918
    • died 9 November 1918 in England from the effects of a mustard gas attack in France and buried Brookwood Cemetery
  • Selwyn Goldstein  1873 - 1917 
    • died 8 June 1917 at Loos, Belgium and buried Poperinghe New Military Cemetery
  • Walter Fish 1878 - 1915
    • died 13 July 1915 at Gallipoli and buried Shrapnel Valley Cemetery
  • William Alfred Fish  1890 - 1917
    • died 9 October 1917 at  Passchendaele, near the town of Ypres in West Flanders and buried Oxford Road Cemetery

World War 2

  • Frank Robert Sewell 1905 - 1943 
    • died 22 February 1943 in Queensland of illness and wounds having served in New Guinea
  • James Morphett Henderson 1915 - 1942 
    • died 11 June 1942 in Off West Africa killed in a flying battle

Saturday, 9 November 2013

John Percival Young (1896 - 1918)

John Percival Young (1896 - 1918), known as Jack, was the older brother of my husband's grandfather Cecil (1898 - 1975).

I have previously written about Cecil's early life.

Jack enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces on 6 October 1916. He gave his age as eighteen years, two months; but in fact he was twenty years and two months.  His trade was engineer (fitter).  He was unmarried; his father was next of kin.1

Jack was assigned to the AIF signal school. He was there from 12 October to 30 November 1916. On 16 December 1916 he embarked at Melbourne on HMAT A7 Medic for Plymouth.

Departure of Medic on 16 December 19162

Departure of Medic on 16 December 19163

Departure of Medic on 16 December 19164
HMAT Medic (A7) departs Melbourne assisted by a tug, and watched by a crowd of well-wishers on the wharf.5

Jack disembarked at Plymouth on 18 February 1917. He was at Sutton Mandeville and Fovant in Wiltshire for the remainder of 1917.

Fovant is noted for twenty regimental badges cut into a chalk hill nearby by soldiers stationed there from 1916. The largest is the Australian Rising Sun badge, which covers an area half the size of a football field. Eight badges remain. The soldiers cut outlines into the grassy hill and then filled the them in with chalk. The badges took about fifty men six months to complete.6

Fovant, England. The Australian Rising Sun emblem cut in the side of a hill.7

Fovant: The badges originate from 1916. From the left:- The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry, 6th London Regiment and the Australian Commonwealth Military Forces.8

Jack had been attached to the 10th Training Battalion, but by the end of 1917 he was back with his own battalion, the 37th, which sailed for France on 1 January 1918.  On 13 February he was detached for duty with the 3rd Divisional Signal Company. In August he was serving in the 10th Infantry Brigade.

I believe Jack is the Private J. Young in the group portrait of the Signal Section of the 10th Infantry Brigade taken on 7 July 1918.

Group portrait of the Signal Section of the 10th Infantry Brigade, outside the Chateau at Querrieu, 7 July 1918. Pte J. Young is in the back row eighth from the left (fourth from the right).9

On 26 August Jack was admitted to an L of C hospital (Line of Communications hospital), wounded in a mustard gas attack on 25 August while serving with HQ 10th Brigade. On 28 August he was invalided to England and admitted on 29 August to Beaufort Hospital near Bristol.


Beaufort War hospital 191810


Dartford, England. 1918-12. A ward with patients and some staff at No 3 Australian Army Auxiliary Hospital.11
On 26 September Jack was discharged on furlough from Beaufort hospital, but on 6 November he was in hospital again, the 3rd Auxiliary Hospital Dartford. At 11:40 a.m. on 9 November 1918, two days before the war ended, Jack died of pneumonia. He is buried at Brookwood Cemetery.

National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; Young John Percival : SERN 2763 : POB Timor VIC : POE Melbourne VIC : NOK F Young John http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=1911839  folio 27

from http://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/399265/YOUNG,%20JOHN%20PERCIVAL
Jack's father John completed the Roll of Honour circular.
Australian War Memorial: For the First World War the circulars were forms sent to next of kin seeking information about the deceased. The circulars are the basis of the card indexes from which the Roll of Honour was compiled. Retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/roll_of_honour/person/R1680249/


Dulce Et Decorum Est

Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of disappointed shells that dropped behind.

GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!-- An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And floundering like a man in fire or lime.--
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.

In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.

If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,--
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.

-- Wilfred Owen


1. National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; Young John Percival : SERN 2763 : POB Timor VIC : POE Melbourne VIC : NOK F Young John http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=1911839
2. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0580 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description "Medic" A7 retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0580
3. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0583 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description "Medic" A7 retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0583
4. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0588 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description "Medic" A7 retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0588
5. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0573 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description HMAT Medic (A7) departs Melbourne assisted by a tug, and watched by a crowd of well-wishers on the wharf. retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0573
6. https://www.awm.gov.au/encyclopedia/chalk/ ,   http://www.fovantbadges.com/his_det.htm , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fovant_Badges
7. Australian War Memorial ID number H13577 Photographer Raf Negno Sop/A 392p Object type Black & white - Print silver gelatin Collection Photograph Description Fovant, England. The Australian Rising Sun emblem cut in the side of a hill. (Donor Official Secretary, Australia House, London). retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/H13577
8. © Copyright Miss Steel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
9. Australian War Memorial ID number E03830 Makers Unknown Australian Official Photographer (Photographer); Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made France: Picardie, Somme, Corbie Albert Area, Querrieu Date made 7 July 1918 Collection Photograph Description Group portrait of the Signal Section of the 10th Infantry Brigade, outside the Chateau at Querrieu. Left to right, back row: 1053 Private (Pte) A. Poppleton; 10840 Lance Corporal (L Cpl) V. V. Hallissey MM; 48 Pte P. F. McKinley MM; 19121 Sapper (Spr) A. S. Dawkins; 10836 Spr H. Dunn; 21132 Spr H. C. Stienhauser; 10831 Spr Edmund Abberton; Pte J. Young; 2411 Pte V. Warne; 14228 L Cpl H. H. Ford; 34131 Spr D. M. Morpeth MM. Middle row: 34185 Spr G. C. Muldoon; 10855 Spr G. H. Underwood; 2869 Spr F. J. O'Connor; 19112 Spr A. J. Williams; 21099 Spr K. Berriman; 7497 Spr W. B. Thom; 10624 Spr C. E. Hopkins; 2271 Pte E. Hynds MM; 17460 Spr G. W. Wells; 2115 Spr W. B. Bowtell; 2151 Spr J. R. C. McGhee; 19179 Spr R. J. Thompson. Front row: 16401 Spr A. L. Hager MM; 10838 L Cpl V. R. Ford; 10584 Cpl E. Benner MM; 10852 Sergeant (Sgt) Eric D. Strang; Lieutenant L. V. Smith MC; 10841 Sgt E. J. Hocking MM; 10843 Corporal (Cpl) H. Hurley; 10834 L Cpl J. Brown; 17077 Spr J. C. Wallace MM. retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E03830
10. uploaded to Flickr by Paul Townsend and made available under Creative Commons license retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/9330852837/in/photostream/
11. Australian War Memorial ID number H03892 Object type Black & white - Print silver gelatin Collection Photograph Description Dartford, England. 1918-12. A ward with patients and some staff at No 3 Australian Army Auxiliary Hospital. retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/H03892