Thursday, 20 November 2014

A silhouette of Mrs Cudmore

This week's Sepia Saturday theme is silhouettes. The silhouette to the right, from an album compiled by her daughter, my grandmother, is of my great grandmother Kathleen Mary Cudmore née Cavenagh-Mainwaring (1874-1951).

The artist was Margaret Newall. I have been unable to discover much about her. It seems she was better known as Peggy Newall and she worked in England.

The silhouette is from 1924 when my great grandmother was fifty. 

Kathleen Cavenagh was born on 11 February 1874 at "Eden Park" Marryatville, South Australia, the sixth of ten children born to Wentworth Cavenagh (1822 - 1895) and his wife Ellen
née Mainwaring (1845 - 1920). In 1875 Wentworth Cavenagh was the Member for Yatala in the South Australian House of Assembly. In 1891 on the death of his wife's brother, Wentworth Cavenagh assumed the surname Mainwaring in addition to his own.

Kathleen married Dr Arthur Murray Cudmore (1870 - 1951) in 1901. They had two daughters, Rosemary born 1904 and Kathleen born 1908. In 1924, Kathleen Cudmore's daughters were aged 20 and 16.

Arthur Murray Cudmore was a successful surgeon in Adelaide, South Australia. He was knighted for his contributions to medicine in 1945.

On 10 January 1924, Dr A. M. Cudmore left Adelaide on the RMS Narkunda. Before going to England he was to join his wife and daughters on the Continent. Mrs Cudmore had taken her daughters to England for further education a year earlier on the RMS Naldera. (SOCIETY NEWS AND EVENTS. (1924, January 5). The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63860204)  (PERSONAL. (1923, January 8). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 6. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63832733) (BREWSTER JONES' SCHOLARSHIPS. (1923, February 17). The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63779361)



In March 1924, Mrs A. M. Cudmore was listed as having donated, or promised to donate, £100 to St Mark's College, a residential college to be affiliated with the University of Adelaide. (Advertising. (1924, March 8). Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), p. 56. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article89237465)

In June 1924, Mrs Arthur Cudmore was elected a life patron of the National Council. The National Council of Women of South Australia was founded in 1902 and is an umbrella group for affiliated women's groups.  When her husband was knighted in 1945, Lady Cudmore's many philanthropic interests were mentioned. (WOMEN IN COUNCIL. (1924, June 14). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), p. 7 Edition: Sporting Edition. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129725023WOMEN AND WAR. (1924, June 17). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 6. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article57394143) (Biographies Of Recipients. (1945, January 1). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43234999)
 
Dr and Mrs A. M. Cudmore returned from England in September 1924. (SOCIAL NOTES. (1924, September 13). The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63795582)

In October 1924, Dr and Mrs Cudmore were entertained at dinner by His Excellency the Governor [Sir George Tom Molesworth Bridges (1871-1939)] and Lady Bridges together with Major and Mrs V Newland, Dr and Mrs Britten Jones, Dr and Mrs Krakowsky, Mr and Mrs Wynward, Mrs Teesdale Smith, and the Reverend K. J. F. Bickersteth. (BEFORE THE PUBLIC. (1924, October 28). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), p. 4 Edition: HOME EDITION. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129860142)

In October, the Cudmores attended two opera performances. Dr and Mrs Cudmore and their daughter Rosemary attended Don Pasquale. (I will be going to Don Pasquale in Melbourne later this month.) Mrs Arthur Cudmore was recorded as attending the opera Andrea Chénier ("DON PASQUALE.". (1924, October 7). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 10. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43240708) (SOCIETY AT THE OPERA. (1924, October 6). The Register(Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 9. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article57884076)

In early October Mrs A. M. Cudmore attended an 'at home' at Grange
Mrs. Francis J. Fisher invited a number of her friends to her charming home "Brighouse," Grange, to meet Mrs. Culross and Mrs. Arthur Lewis who have returned to Adelaide after residing for many years in England. The garden, laid out in terraces, was a blaze of flowers, a high bank covered thickly with a mauve ice plant being an absolute sight. Lovely roses were the decorative note inside the house. Mrs. Fisher received, wearing a handsome toilette of dark mastic satin de soie, the skirt made with double flounce effect, black crin straw hat with wide brim, blue and pink pastel shaded roses round the crown, black lace veil grace fully draped falling down the back. Mrs. Culross was wearing navy marocain, with piping of grey, and narrow grey georgette round collar, black velvet hat. Mrs. Arthur Lewis wore black georgette and fine black lace toilette, very wide brimmed black crin hat, with black and gold tissue roses in front, amber necklace. [...] Mrs. A. M. Cudmore, white and black figured georgette and almond green hat with ostrich plume. [...] An excellent orchestra rendered music in the drawing-room, and a delicious afternoon tea was served in the dining room. (AN AT HOME. (1924, October 11). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 11. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43241801)
On 18 October Dr and Mrs A. M. Cudmore attended the races at Cheltenham Park. The Acting President of the Amateur Turf Club and his wife hosted an afternoon tea which the Cudmores attended. (SOCIAL NOTES. (1924, December 22). The Advertiser(Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 15. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73428015)

On Wednesday 12 November there was a garden party at Government House to farewell the Governor's wife, Lady Bridges. There were about 2,000 guests including Dr and Mrs A. M. Cudmore and their daughter Rosemary.
Miss Rosemary Cudmore's white cloth frock had pipings of jade green, and her dead leaf brown hat sported the same smart colour. (GOVERNMENT HOUSE GARDEN PARTY. (1924, November 13). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 13. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43249986) (GARDEN PARTY AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE. (1924, November 13). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 7. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64059352)

In November the Cudmores attended the wedding of Leila Boothby and Colin Trevor. I am uncertain of the connection, I don't think they were cousins. (TREVOR-BOOTHBY WEDDING. (1924, November 28). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 7. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64062649)

On Saturday evening, the 15th of November, Mrs Arthur Cudmore and her daughter Kathleen were among those who attended J Hasting Turner's comedy, 'The Lilies of the Field' performed by the Adelaide Repertory Theatre at the Victoria Hall. (SOCIAL NOTES. (1924, November 17). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), p. 5 Edition: HOME EDITION. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129807500)

On 29 November Dr and Mrs A. M. Cudmore were again at the races and again had afternoon tea there. (RACES At CHELTENHAM. (1924, December 1). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 11. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64053188)

In early December 1924 Mrs Cudmore accepted an invitation from Mrs Hurcus to join the Ladies' Committee of the Father Adelaide Christmas Committee.

By mid December the Ladies committee had arranged the buying, packing and addressing of toys for 2,900 sick and orphan children. (Father Adelaide Christmas Ready. (1924, December 18). News(Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), p. 7 Edition: HOME EDITION. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129812996)

0n 18 December at the Father Christmas Dance in the Palais Royal, North Terrace, the "energetic ladies' committee" sold caps, balloons, fans, etc in the prettily decorated hall. (Wonderful Response for Children. (1924, December 19). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), p. 7 Edition: HOME EDITION. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129813690)

On Friday 19 December there was a concert at the Adelaide Town Hall in aid of the Father Adelaide Christmas Appeal. Three members of the ladies' committee, including Mrs A.M.Cudmore ran a sweet and flower stall. They were helped by 13 others including Miss Rosemary Cudmore. (GEMS FROM OPERA. (1924, December 20). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), p. 6 Edition: Sporting Edition. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129812340)

On the afternoon of Saturday, 20 December, Mrs A.M. Cudmore attended a performance by the pupils of Miss Norah Stewart at the Theatre Royal. (SOCIAL NOTES. (1924, December 22). The Advertiser(Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 15. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73428015) Her daughter Kathleen was a pupil and danced a spirited gypsy dance in gay gypsy costume with nine other girls. (AT THE THEATRE ROYAL. (1924, December 18). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 7. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64052179)

It had been a busy three months since Mrs Cudmore had returned from her travels.